Buddha Statue - Antique Khmer Style Cambodia Seated Wood Buddha Statue Teaching Mudra - 39cm/16"

Who was Buddha: Unveiling the Life and Teachings of the Buddha


In the annals of history, certain figures emerge whose impact transcends temporal and cultural boundaries. Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as the Buddha, stands as one of these luminaries. His life, marked by profound spiritual awakening and transformative teachings, has left an indelible imprint on the fabric of human consciousness.

In this comprehensive blog post, we delve into the life, teachings, and enduring legacy of the historical Buddha.

1. Early Life and Princehood

Siddhartha Gautama was born circa 563 BCE in Lumbini, in present-day Nepal, into the Shakya clan. His father, King Suddhodana, and mother, Queen Maya, received prophecies foretelling either his greatness as a king or his spiritual destiny. Sheltered in opulence, Siddhartha lived a princely life shielded from the harsh realities of the world.

2. The Four Sights

Despite the luxuries surrounding him, Siddhartha's quest for deeper meaning began when he encountered the "Four Sights" during rare excursions beyond the palace walls. Witnessing old age, sickness, death, and finally, a wandering ascetic, Siddhartha was deeply moved and confronted the impermanence and suffering inherent in life.

3. The Great Renunciation:

Motivated by the desire to understand the nature of suffering, Siddhartha renounced his princely life at the age of 29. He exchanged his royal garments for the humble robes of a wandering ascetic, embarking on a spiritual quest to seek enlightenment.

Thai Buddha

4. The Search for Enlightenment:

For six years, Siddhartha wandered through the forests of India, studying under renowned teachers and practicing severe austerities. However, he found these extreme practices to be unfruitful and realized that the path to enlightenment lay in a balanced, Middle Way.

5. The Enlightenment Under the Bodhi Tree:

At the age of 35, Siddhartha sat in deep meditation under the Bodhi Tree in Bodh Gaya. On the night of the full moon in May, he experienced a profound awakening. Overcoming the temptations and distractions presented by Mara, the embodiment of desire, Siddhartha attained enlightenment and became the Buddha, meaning "the awakened one."

6. The Four Noble Truths:

The essence of the Buddha's teachings is encapsulated in the Four Noble Truths, a foundational framework for understanding the nature of suffering and the path to liberation:

  • The Truth of Suffering (Dukkha)
  • The Truth of the Cause of Suffering (Samudaya)
  • The Truth of the End of Suffering (Nirodha)
  • The Truth of the Path to the End of Suffering (Magga)

7. The Eightfold Path:

The Eightfold Path, often described as the Middle Way, outlines the steps leading to the cessation of suffering and the realization of enlightenment. It encompasses ethical and mental guidelines, encouraging practitioners to cultivate wisdom, ethical conduct, and mental discipline.

  • Right View
  • Right Intention
  • Right Speech
  • Right Action
  • Right Livelihood
  • Right Effort
  • Right Mindfulness
  • Right Concentration

8. Teaching and Establishing the Sangha:

Following his enlightenment, the Buddha embarked on a prolific teaching career, delivering discourses known as sutras to a diverse audience. He founded the Sangha, a community of monks and nuns, providing a structured framework for the practice and propagation of his teachings.

Khmer Buddha

9. Death and Parinirvana:

The Buddha spent 45 years disseminating his teachings across the Indian subcontinent. At the age of 80, in Kushinagar, he entered Parinirvana—complete liberation from the cycle of birth and death. His final words emphasized the impermanence of life and the importance of personal responsibility in the pursuit of liberation.

10. The Enduring Legacy:

The Buddha's teachings, known as Buddhism, have resonated across centuries and continents, shaping the spiritual landscape of diverse cultures. The principles of compassion, mindfulness, and the quest for self-realization continue to inspire millions on their journey toward inner peace and enlightenment.


Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, stands as a towering figure in the history of spirituality, offering profound insights into the nature of human existence.

From his princely origins to the transformative enlightenment under the Bodhi Tree, the Buddha's life exemplifies the potential for profound spiritual awakening within every individual.

His teachings, encapsulated in the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path, serve as a timeless guide, inviting seekers to explore the path to liberation and inner peace.

The legacy of the Buddha endures as a beacon of wisdom, compassion, and the eternal quest for enlightenment.

Indonesian Buddha