Antique Indonesian Style Majapahit Bronze Vishnu & Garuda Statue - Protector & Preserver - 68cm/27"
Measurements Height 68cm/27"
An antique Java Style seated bronze Vishnu sculpture in the 13th century Majapahit style riding his mount Garuda.
Vishnu is both world protector and preserver, restorer of moral order - he is all-powerful and all-pervasive by nature. Here Vishnu is seated on his mount Garuda who displays his magnificent plumage around and behind Vishnu.
The right hand of Vishnu is held in a gesture of teaching (vitarka mudra). In this mudra the hands form the Darma wheel, which, at its most basic, represents the study of the dharma, practice through meditation, and moral discipline. This hand gesture is known as the Dharmachakra mudra. The mudra represents the turning of the wheel and places the hands so that the thumbs and index fingers touch at the tips to form a wheel. This denotes the setting into motion of the Wheel of the teaching of the Dharma. In this mudra the thumb and index finger of both hands touch at their tips to form a circle. This circle represents the Wheel of Dharma, or in metaphysical terms, the union of method and wisdom.
Vishnu wears a richly bejewelled dohti and upavita. His face has a downcast gaze. Upon his head he wears a decorative Javanese style tiara in front of his Kirita-Makuta or tall conical crown. This symbolises control over Positive and Negative attitudes.
On his forehead he has a third eye or urna. He has an aquiline nose and elongated earlobes with large ear rings.
The mount of Vishnu is Garuda. Shown here in splendid detail. Important in both Hindu and Buddhist religions the Garuda is a large mythical bird with a wing-span of many miles, the bearer of Vishnu. Perhaps with a little 'poetic license' we are told that when the Garuda flaps it's wings hurricane winds arise that darken the sky and blow down houses. In both Thailand and Indonesia the Garuda is seen as both a National and Cultural symbol.
The malachite patina and details of this piece are particularly appealing.
Provenance: Private Singapore collection. All items are guaranteed to be as described. A Certificate of Authenticity will accompany all purchases upon request.
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Often considered as one of the most important and prolific gods of Hinduism, Shiva symbolised and is symbolised in many ways. His main role within the triumvirate of Hindu gods is the Destroyer, and yet with the power of creation also tucked up one of his multiple sleeves, it is no wonder that he takes different forms and patronises many different aspects of Hindu life.