Antique Indonesian Style Standing Bronze Javanese 4-Arm Shiva Statue - 57cm/23"
Measures (Height) 57cm/23"
An Indonesian (Java) enthroned Shiva in 13th century Majapahit style.
Shiva is stood samabhanga on a round lotus petal pedestal, which is itself presented on a decorated square pedestal. Shiva is dressed in a richly decorated robe, with a sash tied around his waist and is wearing a number of pieces of ornate jewellery, including crown and earrings.
As the destroyer, Shiva is regarded as limitless, transcendent and unchanging. Shiva is also regarded as the patron god of yoga, meditation and arts. Shiva is part of the Hindu holy trimurti which includes Brahma and Vishnu.
The Trilochana of Shiva can be seen on his forehead - the Three-Eyed Lord. It is the eye of wisdom, free from 'Maya', the illusion, and duality of life. It is also believed to be the source of his untamed energy.
Here he has 4 arms holding a fly whisk, conch shell and trident. His fourth hand being held in a gesture of Teaching.
His lower left hand holds a Trident or Trishula, a divine symbol and principle iconography of the Hindu religion. The three points of the trishula have various meanings and significance, and, common to the Hindu religion, have many stories behind them. They are commonly said to represent various trinities: creation, maintenance, and destruction; past, present, and future; body, mind and atman; dharma or dhamma (law and order), bliss/mutual enjoyment and emanation/created bodies; compassion, joy and love; spiritual, psychic and relative; happiness, comfort and boredom; pride, repute and egotism; clarity, knowledge and wisdom; heaven, mind and earth; soul, fire and earth; soul, passion and embodied-soul; logic, passion and faith; prayer, manifestation and sublime.
His hair is piled in a tripartite chignon decorated with a cockade and is discretely adorned with only a necklace, diamond shaped earrings, a Yajnopavita (Scared Brahmanical thread) and a single bangle on each wrist.
Shiva is backed by an aureole with a beaded border. The presence of an aureole symbolises the divinity of the deity.
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A deity of contradictions, Shiva the Destroyer has a tumultuous history which is reflective of his many responsibilities and characterisations. His importance over the universe, but also his personality, make him a popular choice in Hindu art.