Antique Indonesian Style Seated Teaching Bronze Javanese 4-Arm Shiva Statue - 13.5cm/5"
Measures (Height) 13.5cm/5"
An Indonesian (Java) enthroned Shiva in 13th century Majapahit style. Shiva is seated on a round double lotus petal pedestal, which is itself presented on a decorated square pedestal.
Shiva is dressed in a richly decorated robe, with a sash tied around his waist and is wearing a number of pieces of ornate jewellery, including crown and earrings. As the destroyer, Shiva is regarded as limitless, transcendent and unchanging. Shiva is also regarded as the patron god of yoga, meditation and arts. Shiva is part of the Hindu holy trimurti which includes Brahma and Vishnu.
The Trilochana of Shiva can be seen on his forehead - the Three-Eyed Lord. It is the eye of wisdom, free from Maya, the illusion, and duality of life. It is also believed to be the source of his untamed energy.
His hands are held in a gesture of Teaching in the dharmachakra mudra. In sanskrit dharmachakra means the 'Wheel of Dharma'. This mudra symbolises one of the most important moments in the life of Buddha, the occasion when he preached to his companions the first sermon after his Enlightenment in the Deer Park at Sarnath. It therefore denotes the setting into motion of the Wheel of the teaching of the Dharma. In this mudra the thumb and index finger touch at their tips to form a circle. This circle represents the Wheel of Dharma, or in metaphysical terms, the union of method and wisdom. This symbolises generosity.
His hair is piled in a tripartite chignon decorated with a cockade and is discretely adorned with only a necklace, diamond shaped earrings, a Yajnopavita (Scared Brahmanical thread) and a single bangle on each wrist. Shiva is backed by an aureole with a flaming border. The presence of an aureole symbolises the divinity of the deity.
Provenance: Ex- private Singapore collection. All items are guaranteed to be as described. A Certificate of Authenticity will accompany all purchases upon request.
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Often considered as one of the most important and prolific gods of Hinduism, Shiva symbolised and is symbolised in many ways. His main role within the triumvirate of Hindu gods is the Destroyer, and yet with the power of creation also tucked up one of his multiple sleeves, it is no wonder that he takes different forms and patronises many different aspects of Hindu life.