Buddha Statue - Antique Indonesian Style Bronze Javanese Teaching Buddha - 39cm/16"
Measures (Height) 19cm/8"
A beautifully cast Indonesian (Java) Buddha in 13th century Majapahit style.
This magnificent Buddha is stood samapada on a double lotus leaf pedestal.
The lotus flower represents the attaining of enlightenment and the ultimate fulfilment that follows. This symbol is heavily used in Eastern religions, which is why it can appear as both a held item or a seat. Some say that as the lotus flower grows in dirty water but becomes something beautiful, it demonstrates how we must forget our attachments to the material world around us and focus on our inner spirituality in order to seek happiness.
His robe cascades pleasingly over his left shoulder. A portion of the garment that covers the left wrist falls behind the figure. The lower hem of the robe falls all the way down so that the under-cloth or skirt is completely covered. The hem of the robe is held in the left hand, in traditional Indonesian style.
Although the style resembles Dvaravati images carved in Thailand, the present Buddha is more sensuous than most Dvaravati Buddhas. The Buddha here is an appealing blend of Gupta, Dvaravati, Khmer and Indonesian characteristics.
He holds his hands in the Teaching or dharmachakra mudra. In sanskrit dharmachakra means the 'Wheel of Dharma'. This mudra symbolises one of the most important moments in the life of Buddha, the occasion when he preached to his companions the first sermon after his Enlightenment in the Deer Park at Sarnath. It therefore denotes the setting into motion of the Wheel of the teaching of the Dharma.
In this mudra the thumb and index finger touch at their tips to form a circle. This circle represents the Wheel of Dharma, or in metaphysical terms, the union of method and wisdom. This symbolises generosity.
A simple aureole or halo can be seen behind his head. This confirms his divinity.
A mediating Amitabha Buddha is seated at his feet.
A truly delightful and unusual Buddha in excellent condition, with wonderful detail and patina.
Provenance: Ex- private London, UK collection.
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Buddha’s teachings are known as “dharma.” Buddhism teaches that wisdom, kindness, patience, generosity and compassion are important virtues.
Here we discuss the meaning behind the dharmachakra mudra or Teaching Buddha.